Eat light, eat veggie
Soy-based protein products, which include ready-to-eat meat substitutes like soy-based sausages, hamburger patties and cold cuts, are popular with vegetarians and people who want to lower their consumption of fat.
Substitute soy milk beverages for cow’s milk. Try soy milk in all recipes calling for milk, including: pastries, shakes, sauces, flans, soufflés, and puddings.
is part of the meat and substitutes category. 70g or 2½ ounces of
tofu is equivalent to 30g (1oz) of beef, chicken or fish.
Tofu is a legume derived from the soy bean.
It has very little taste on its own but absorbs the taste of other foods or condiments it is used with.
Of vegetable origin, tofu is cholesterol-free. It contains much less fat and saturated fat than meat. It is a good source of essential fats and iron. Because it is a legume, its iron content is not absorbed as well by the human body as the iron from animal origin. However, eating tofu with foods like oranges, broccoli, kiwi or cantaloupe that are high in Vitamin C will increase iron absorption.
Add to soups, salads, sautéed dishes. Grill tofu cubes on the barbecue, they’re delicious!
Different textures for different uses
Use firm tofu for sautéing or grilling.
Incorporate medium firm tofu to soups.
Add silky tofu to creamy preparations and puddings.
Different flavours are now available in supermarkets: spicy tofu, herbed tofu, fruit flavoured tofu, etc.
The easiest way to prepare tofu is to cut it in cubes and simmer a few minutes in water or broth. Serve with soy sauce, toasted sesame seeds, finely chopped green onion, and grated ginger.
Useful tips and advice
When cooked in water or broth, tofu is ready to eat when it rises to the surface of the cooking liquid.
Whipped in with oil and vinegar, it can replace mayonnaise.
For delicious dips, blend tofu with soy sauce, tahini, lemon juice, chopped green onion and chopped peppers. Serve with raw vegetables.
Make guacamole by replacing the avocado with tofu.
Make scrambled eggs with crumbled tofu.
Check the expiry date on the package. Once opened, tofu will keep in the refrigerator for approximately one week, stored in an air-tight container filled with water. The water should be changed every two days.
uses and suggestions
Add cooked lentils to your simmered spaghetti sauce just before serving, or add a mixture of canned beans to your vegetable salad.
For velvety and lighter cream soups, add white beans or chick peas to your vegetable soup before putting it through your food processor.
Add beans to stews.
Replace meat in your spaghetti sauce with red lentils.
Garnish your salads with chick peas or kidney beans.
Add lima beans to your soups and other dishes.
Adding fibre to your diet too quickly can cause bloating and flatulence. Your body adjusts gradually to dietary fibre and the abdominal discomfort is short-lived but to avoid this from happening, it is preferable to add fibre in small doses to your diet. You should therefore start with small portions and increase gradually.
Here are a few additional precautions you can take to reduce the abdominal discomfort.
. Let dry legumes soak in the refrigerator before cooking.
• Cook them until they are easily crushed with a fork.
• Avoid combining them to other foods that can cause gas, for example cabbage, broccoli or sweet dishes.
Preparing dry legumes
Before cooking, soak legumes to reduce cooking time. Before soaking, rinse and remove any non edible grains.
Cover beans with water (3 times their volume)
Overnight soaking: let stand in water for 8-12 hours or overnight, then drain.
Quick soaking: place beans in water, bring to a boil, reduce heat and simmer for 2-3 minutes. Remove from heat and let stand 1 hour. Drain.
CCover legumes with fresh water (2 ½ times their volume), bring to a boil, cover, reduce heat and simmer until tender.
1 cup (250 ml) of dried beans yields 2-2 ½ cups (500-625 ml) of cooked legumes.
Cooking time :
Cooking time varies depending on the soaking method used.
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